What is atherosclerosis disease

The thrombus then travels downstream to other blood vessels, where the blood clot may partially or completely block blood flow. Plaque creates a bump on the artery wall. The test provides information about the size and shape of your heart and how well your heart chambers and valves are working.

Within a part of arterial wall, the oldest plaque is always the biggest, and is the most dangerous one to cause blockage of local artery. High levels of triglycerides tri-GLIH-seh-rides in the blood also may raise the risk for atherosclerosis, especially in women.

How Is Jogging Good for You? Repeated plaque ruptures, ones not resulting in total lumen closure, combined with the clot patch over the What is atherosclerosis disease and healing response to stabilize the clot is the process that produces most stenoses over time. Arrhythmias are problems with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat.

In effect, the muscular portion of the artery wall forms small aneurysms just large enough to hold the atheroma that are present. An affected limb may have abnormally low blood pressure. Most severe clinical events do not occur at plaques that produce high-grade stenosis.

What to know about atherosclerosis

This deadly process is preventable and treatable. By looking at the x-ray picture, your doctor can see the flow of blood through your arteries. Angina pain may even feel like indigestion.

A similar form of an intramural calcification, presenting the picture of an early phase of arteriosclerosis, appears to be induced by a number of drugs that have an antiproliferative mechanism of action Rainer Liedtke When your heart is working hard, it needs more blood and oxygen.

Cholesterol crystals may also play a role. This can be used to find arteries that are hardened and narrowed. Diagnosis[ edit ] Microphotography of arterial wall with calcified violet color atherosclerotic plaque hematoxylin and eosin stain Areas of severe narrowing, stenosisdetectable by angiographyand to a lesser extent " stress testing " have long been the focus of human diagnostic techniques for cardiovascular diseasein general.

Heavy drinking can damage the heart muscle and worsen other risk factors for atherosclerosis. This was very early disease, detectable only by special tests.

This includes high LDL cholesterol sometimes called "bad" cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol sometimes called "good" cholesterol. The test provides information about the size and shape of your heart and how well your heart chambers and valves are working.

With the obstruction of blood flow, downstream tissues are starved of oxygen and nutrients. Rats fed DHA -containing oils experienced marked disruptions to their antioxidant systems, and accumulated significant amounts of phospholipid hydroperoxide in their blood, livers and kidneys.

Controlling other risk factors often can lessen genetic influences and prevent atherosclerosis, even in older adults. The artery becomes expanded with an egg-shaped cross-section, still with a circular opening.

What Is Atherosclerotic Disease?

However, it is important that a doctor correctly diagnoses atherosclerosis to make sure that the arteries are returned to full capability. Atherosclerotic lesions, or atherosclerotic plaques, are separated into two broad categories: Most major blood-flow-stopping events occur at large plaques, which, prior to their rupture, produced very little if any stenosis.Atherosclerosis -- or hardening of the arteries -- is the leading cause of heart attacks, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease.

Find out more. Atherosclerosis is a slow, progressive disease that may begin as early as childhood. Although the exact cause is unknown, atherosclerosis may start with damage or injury to the inner layer of an artery. Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the inside of an artery narrows due to the build up of plaque.

Initially, there are generally no symptoms. When severe, it can result in coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease, or kidney problems, depending on which arteries are affected. Atherosclerosis -- or hardening of the arteries -- is the leading cause of heart attacks, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease.

Find out more. Atherosclerosis is the underlying cause of most diseases of the heart and blood vessels -- collectively referred to as cardiovascular disease, which is the leading cause of death in the U.S. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, cardiovascular disease accounted for nearly 1 in every 3 deaths in Atherosclerosis can occur in an artery located anywhere in your body, including your heart, legs, and kidneys.

Atherosclerosis can cause the following diseases: Coronary artery disease.

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What is atherosclerosis disease
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